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The Different Types of Acne

Updated: Jun 9, 2020

If you're reading this, chances are your life has at some point been affected by the dreaded acne, scientifically known as acne vulgaris or acne simplex. Below I will talk about the different types of acne, so that you can fully understand what is happening on your skin!

Let's face it, having acne is not fun. As much as we try to put a positive spin on it, the simple truth is, that if you have it, you are suffering in some way. Your face may be painful, irritated and red and also your inner voice cannot stop thinking about what is on your face! So let's try to understand it...

In order for you to be able to properly heal your acne, you need to fully understand it. So let's first start by breaking down the different types:


This is a non-inflamed build up of cells, sebum and other debris inside the follicle.

There are (2) different types of comedones:

- Open Comedones: these are blackheads, which are follicles that are open at the follicle surface and exposed to air. The reason they turn dark, is because they are exposed to oxygen and oxidation occurs. These are more commonly found in the T-zone area of your

face (forehead, nose and chin).

- Closed Comedones: these are whiteheads, these occur when the openings of the follicles are blocked with debris and white blood cells.


These are red, inflamed lesions that occur when sebum (oil) irritates the follicle and causes inflammation. Bacteria and inflammation continue to grow and create pressure on the follicle wall, this can lead to pustule formation.


These are filled with dead white blood cells that fought the infection inside the papule. These can often be painful and should not be "popped" due to the chance for infection to spread and scarring to occur. Let them heal on their own!

Cysts (Nodules)

These are deep pockets of infection, and often red, underlying hardened bumps on the skin. These can be painful and should not be pushed or prodded, as this can damage your skin and create indentations. These are formed because the skin develops hardened tissue around the occuring infection to stop the spread of bacteria. This type of acne is located in the dermis.

Take care, xo

Astrid Makenzi

The Holistica Hive

Take a look at my blog "Virtual Skin Consults: The New Way To Support Your Skin" HERE!

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